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About Arequipa

volcan-misti-arequipa

The city of Arequipa is the 2nd largest city in Peru and of major importance in the south zone of the country. It is the capital of the province of Arequipa (department of Arequipa) and is commonly known as “The White City” for numerous and magnificent temples, convents, homes and palaces made of white stone. This white rock is originally of volcanic origin and is intricately sculpted. It is a picturesque place that combines the beauty of the green countryside with the overwhelming presence of volcanoes and snow-covered mountains. It has an excellent climate with almost 300 days of sun per year and a defining blue sky.

In addition the city offers exquisite cuisine, beautiful countryside with lovely spots for camping, majestic volcanoes in the Colca Valley, and exciting outdoor challenges and adventures in the Colca Canyon. There are many natural reserves and lovely warmth to the city where tourists can enjoy and share the delights.

The city is surrounded by volcanoes: El Misti (5822 m.a.s.l.), el Chachani (6075 m.a.s.l.), and the Pichu Pichu (5664 m.a.s.l.).

It constitutes the main cornerstone of economic development thanks to its multiple resources, and to its projects of irrigation that mainly favor land and cattle ranches, the milk industry, wool, leather and weavings of alpaca and vicuna.

It has a cozy hotel infrastructure, numerous aerial connections along with train stops from Cusco and Puno.

The city was founded on the 15th of August of 1540 by Garci Manuel de Carvajal. It is located off the left shore of the Chili River, seated on a narrow valley with fertile lands and an oasis that forms on the barren earth that dominates the region.

It is the birthplace of many distinguished men such as: Jose Vizcardo Guzmán, Mariano Melgar, Nicolas de Pierola, Victor Belaunde, Mario Vargas Llosa were witnesses to innumerable heroic actions after national freedom was executed. Arequipa is one of the regions with greater participation in the history of Peru. The earth was blessed by the splendid geography and inviting cities. It is the surprising valley of the Colca, with its colonial platforms and churches along with snow-covered mountains that lock up old mysteroes of the land. One example is the Mummy Juanita and the birth of the Amazon River in the canyon of the Cotahuasi which is the deepest in the world. It is also important to not forget Misto volcano which is an astounding sight at 5822 m.a.s.l.

It is named the “White City” by the color of its buildings constructed with stone (made from ash-gray volcanic rock) which came from the Chachani volcano. It was an important battle in the fight for independence for Peru in the 19th century. Important figures during this time were Juan Pablo Vizcardo and Guzmán, author of the Letter to the American Spaniards; Francisco Javier of Pizarro Moon, president of the First Constituent Congress in 1822, and poet Mariano Melgar whi was sadly shot in Humarachi.

USEFUL INFORMATION

About Cusco

About Cusco

Often referred to as the “Archaeological Capital of the Americas”, Cusco is a beautiful city riddled with just the right mix between the indigenous and western modern world styles. It is this mix that has given Cusco its rare beauty. Most visitors are interested in getting to Machu Picchu,…

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About Arequipa

About Arequipa

The city of Arequipa is the 2nd largest city in Peru and of major importance in the south zone of the country. It is the capital of the province of Arequipa (department of Arequipa) and is commonly known as “The White City” for numerous and magnificent temples, convents, homes…

READ MORE

About Puno

About Puno

* Puno has been designated to become a Special Economic Zone or “Zona Economica” by Peru’s president, Alan Garcia. * The area surrounding the city of Puno was where the Aymara civilization started. * Puno has been named the “Capital folklórica del Perú” (folkloric capital of Peru) from its…

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